The scientific and research community is no exception to the phenomenon of fraud, reinforced over the last fifteen years or so by the rise of the web. Moreover, as research takes place in an increasingly competitive, globalised and complex environment, certain factors can influence the conditions under which research practices are carried out and lead to breaches of scientific integrity.
Nowadays, this phenomenon is taken seriously by all research actors: researchers, financiers, host institutions, scientific publishers, etc...
Fraud can be defined as "a serious and intentional violation in the conduct of research and the dissemination of results", thereby excluding "honest errors of good faith or honest differences of opinion".
The scientific community agrees to identify three main types of fraud:
- Manufacturing which consists in forging from scratch the data of a research;
- Falsification, which consists of intentionally altering the data in order to make it more consistent with the preferred hypotheses;
- Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person's work or ideas without his knowledge or credit.
- Lecture series at Sorbonne-Universités (21 september 2017 - 28 june 2018)
- Workshop at Paris Saclay
- Training course «Ethics of scientific research» at USPC (11 december 2017)
- Charte nationale de déontologie des métiers de la recherche
- Harassment article (source : Paris Diderot)
- Harassment article
- Plagiarism article (source : Sorbonne Universités)
- Ethics Committee of the CNRS
- PSL Video Capture - Awareness of History, Epistemology and Ethics of Science
- Presentation by Michèle Leduc (member of COMETS) on the EDPIF's 2017 welcome meeting.